In modern realities, hair loss in men is a common ailment in middle-aged men. For some, it begins at 30, and by the age of 40 it develops to the maximum stage. For the elderly, reducing the density of hair is the norm. But the observation of such a symptom in young people in 20-25 years is an alarming signal that calls for thinking about what problems could lead to thinning. The appearance of even small bald patches is proof of the beginning of a pathological process in the body. How to prevent and stop alopecia — in this article we will consider the causes and methods of treatment of hair loss on the head in men.
Factors of occurrence of hair loss in men
The thinning of the strands does not happen spontaneously, this is preceded by a whole complex of reasons. In most cases, heredity and hormonal background have an impact, but there are other common reasons for the development of the disease:
- Drastic weight loss due to strict diets;
- Disorders of the functioning of the immune system, viral or infectious diseases;
- Adverse environmental factors, poor ecology;
- Malfunctions of the endocrine system;
- Constant temperature changes;
- Diabetes mellitus;
- Surgical operations performed under general anesthesia;
- Poor blood supply to the scalp;
- Improper nutrition;
- Lack of vitamins and trace elements;
- Bad habits;
- Iron deficiency anemia;
- Regular stress, strong emotional shocks;
- The use of drugs to normalize blood pressure, steroid and diuretics, antidepressants;
- Radiation and chemotherapy.
Types of male baldness
Depending on the symptoms and manifestations, alopecia is divided into certain types.
Androgenetic. It occurs more often than others — in 90% of all cases. It is characterized by the fact that the hair becomes rarer only on the head, but the eyebrows, beard and eyelashes remain unchanged. In some cases, there are separate areas where hair growth increases on the contrary. The optimal treatment is mesotherapy. It proceeds in 6 stages:
- Thinning begins from the frontal part;
- Then a receding hairline is formed, resembling a triangle;
- Areas without hairs become deeper and more noticeable, foci of hair loss begin to form on the crown of the head;
- A rounded area appears where the fluff grows, along with this, the affected areas increase;
- The crown and forehead area gradually connect, leaving only small areas with hair;
- Complete loss of vegetation.
Varieties of this type of alopecia. Highlight:
- horseshoe — baldness begins from the forehead;
- nest — areas are formed without any order, after that a horseshoe-shaped receding hairline gradually develops;
- Mixed view.
Telogen. In this case, the curls do not receive proper nutrition, as a result of which they become brittle and lifeless. They fall out even with minimal touches and mechanical damage. Violations of telogen production can be caused by insufficient sunlight, general weakening of the body as a result of illness or taking potent drugs, hereditary or congenital pathologies. The disease can develop gradually or occur instantly.
Nest. Here the hair roots are damaged, as a result of which rounded bald patches are formed on the head. In some cases, old areas gradually overgrow and new ones appear instead. This type is treated with the use of immunosuppressants that block the action of the body’s cells that destroy follicles. This type most often affects dark curls that contain an increased level of pigment.
Total. The final stage of alopecia (hair loss in men). Due to the neglect of the disease, a man has complete hair loss not only on his head, but also on his entire body. The process can last from a couple of months to several years, along with it, the nails deteriorate and collapse. In this development, only a transplant can correct the situation.
Diffuse. It appears after exposure to certain factors, for example, prolonged stress, a course of antibiotics, receiving a dose of ionizing radiation. It does not exist independently, separately from other types, most often it accompanies an androgenetic species. The main characteristic is that every day a representative of the stronger sex loses up to 100-120 hairs. In order to fully recover, it is necessary to protect yourself from adverse factors that could cause the development of a pathological process.
Scarring. It is less common than others. Today, only every 70-100 th case can be attributed to this type. The follicles are irreversibly damaged and gradually completely replaced by connective tissue, that is, scarring occurs. The most common cause is infections of the scalp. Therefore, if you start treatment in a timely manner, the hairline can be saved and gradually restored. A characteristic feature is that the follicle completely atrophies and ceases to function. Transplantation is the only effective way of treatment.
What to do with men’s hair loss in the first place
It is impossible to diagnose and determine its stage independently at home. To do this, you should visit a number of specialists:Б.зЮ
- Therapist — for the appointment of general tests (blood, urine) and initial consultation;
- Trichologist — trichogram for diagnosing the condition of the hair;
- Dermatologist — performing scrapings and biopsies for examination for the presence of skin infections;
- Endocrinologist — to monitor hormone levels.
You need to contact an experienced specialist. The doctor will perform the necessary set of tests to assess the current condition and develop an optimal treatment plan.
After the diagnosis, the doctor is engaged in determining the cause of the disease. Therapy will be aimed specifically at their elimination, and not signs of the disease.
If hair loss is not associated with serious disorders in the body, then general restorative drugs can be used. An excellent solution is the use of Selentsin, which is sold in the form of tablets, shampoo-rinse and stimulating spray. The remedy has proven a high degree of effectiveness in the fight against baldness due to the list of advantages:
- Allows you to stop the process of hair loss for 2 months.
- Affects the root cause of the condition itself, not its manifestations.
- Stimulates the growth of new strands, allows you to restore the former density.
- Has a restorative effect, normalizes the life cycle.
- Performs intensive nutrition and strengthening.
In addition to it, there are many universal products on the market that are suitable for both men and women. There are also products suitable only for men, such as finpecia or propecia. However, to achieve maximum results, the doctor prescribes a course of treatment depending on your condition. Often alopecia is a symptom of the underlying disease, which can be cured and receding hairline.
Prevention of alopecia in men
In order not to run into a problem — constantly do prevention. The following tips will help with this:
- Dry your head as gently as possible, do not rub the skin. Otherwise, the follicles are damaged.
- Do not pull or injure the strands during combing or other procedures that involve mechanical action. So you can inflict huge damage to the cover.
- Do not wear wigs and synthetic products. Synthetic materials interfere with the normal air exchange of the skin, which leads to the development of dandruff and receding hairline.
- Another recommendation is to use the right shampoo and conditioner that match your hair type. It is not recommended to focus on the cost and purchase the most affordable product in the store — this can lead to significant problems.
- Do not wash your hair too often. This removes the natural protective layer of strands and disrupts the work of fat glands that protect the hair from adverse environmental factors.
- Give up chemically aggressive compounds, for example, paints. If you want to change the color, use hair dyes based on natural ingredients.
- Watch your diet — calculate the daily allowance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The diet should always contain foods rich in vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
Take care of your hair regardless of gender and age, this will allow you to maintain a healthy shine, elasticity and volume for as long as possible.